Copyright 2023 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited.
The information, data, or work presented herein was funded in part by the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), U.S. Department of Energy, under Award Number DE-AR0000547. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.
This material is based in part upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Chicago Operations, under Award Numbers DE-SC0001575, DE-SC0015779 and DE-SC0020626.
This material is based in part upon work supported by the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R43OH011711-01-00 and R44OH011711-01-00.
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support and technical contributions of the US Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, NYSEARCH, SoCalGas, Heath Consultants Inc., and Physical Sciences Inc.